Lasith (lasith) wrote,

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Je me Souviens! Parce Que je ne oblie pas! (Remember Me! Because I will never forget you...)

Another day another Birthday!  This was more fun than even Alex's I was at Lucky 13 with the Crew...Lankans rule Mothas!  Sometimes you are always amazed when kids you knew when they were 12 grow up...Unfortunately you still think of them as 12 even though they could break you...Hollas to my boi Derek!  To the Portugese Fernandos and Payoes and Pereras...Will lift our glasses and say God Bless...To the Lankans who be Buddhists Senaratnes, Witharanas, Jayathilikes we raise our glasses!  Cuz when it comes down to it Leung or Adams, Chelsea or Roshani we all the same, India and China, Sri Lanka, Canada, United Kindom is all a horrible state of mind...We all humans and when we figure that the Tigers will stop fighting the Lions...Lions are the Kings now...But things change...We'll both be extinct like we were really in Sri Lanka...That is the lesson I've learnt in my life...Lasith will one day be extinct...So I just want to have a little fun before I die...Je Me Souviens my dear friends...I never forget...Like a Elephant...I seriously need to go on a damn Diet... :o(

St. Elmo's fire

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St. Elmo's fire on a ship at sea

St. Elmo's fire (also St. Elmo's light [1]) is an electrical weather phenomenon in which luminous plasma is created by a coronal discharge originating from a grounded object in an atmospheric electric field (such as those generated by thunderstorms or thunderstorms created by a volcanic explosion).

St. Elmo's fire is named after St. Erasmus of Formiae (also called St. Elmo), the patron saint of sailors. The phenomenon sometimes appeared on ships at sea during thunderstorms, and was regarded by sailors with superstitious awe, accounting for the name. Alternatively, Peter Gonzalez is said to be the St. Elmo after whom St. Elmo's fire has its name.

Ball lightning is often erroneously identified as St. Elmo's fire. They are separate and distinct meteorological phenomena.[2]



[edit] Observation

Physically, St. Elmo's fire is a bright blue or violet glow, appearing like fire in some circumstances, from tall, sharply pointed structures such as lightning rods, masts, spires and chimneys, and on aircraft wings. St. Elmo's fire can also appear on leaves, grass, and even at the tips of cattle horns.[3] Often accompanying the glow is a distinct hissing or buzzing sound.

In 1750, Benjamin Franklin hypothesized that a pointed iron rod during a lightning storm would light up at the tip, similar in appearance to St. Elmo's fire.[4][5]

[edit] Scientific explanation

Although referred to as "fire", St. Elmo's fire is, in fact, plasma. The electric field around the object in question causes ionization of the air molecules, producing a faint glow easily visible in low-light conditions. Approximately 1,000 - 30,000 volts per centimeter is required to induce St. Elmo's fire; however, this number is greatly dependent on the geometry of the object in question. Sharp points tend to require lower voltage levels to produce the same result because electric fields are more concentrated in areas of high curvature, thus discharges are more intense at the end of pointed objects.[6]

Saint Elmo's fire and normal sparks both can appear when high electrical voltage affects a gas. St. Elmo's fire is seen during thunderstorms when the ground below the storm is electrically charged, and there is high voltage in the air between the cloud and the ground. The voltage tears apart the air molecules and the gas begins to glow.

The nitrogen and oxygen in the earth's atmosphere causes St. Elmo's fire to fluoresce with blue or violet light; this is similar to the mechanism that causes neon lights to glow.[6]

[edit] Historical observations

In ancient Greece, the appearance of a single one was called Helena and two were called Castor and Pollux. Occasionally, it was associated with the Greek element of fire, as well as with one of Paracelsus's elementals, specifically the salamander, or, alternatively, with a similar creature referred to as an acthnici.[7]

Welsh mariners knew it as canwyll yr ysbryd ("spirit-candles") or canwyll yr ysbryd glân ("candles of the Holy Ghost"), or the "candles of St. David".[8]

References to St. Elmo's fire, also known as "corposants" or "corpusants" from the Portuguese corpo santo[9] ("holy body"), can be found in the works of Julius Caesar (De Bello Africo, 47), Pliny the Elder (Naturalis Historia, book 2, par. 101) , Herman Melville, and Antonio Pigafetta's journal of his voyage with Ferdinand Magellan. St. Elmo's fire was a phenomenon described in The Lusiads.

Charles Darwin noted the effect while aboard the Beagle. He wrote of the episode in a letter to J.S. Henslow that one night when the Beagle was anchored in the estuary of the Río de la Plata:

"Everything is in flames, — the sky with lightning, — the water with luminous particles, and even the very masts are pointed with a blue flame."[10]

St. Elmo's fire is reported to have been seen during the Muslim Siege of Constantinople in 1453. It reportedly was seen emitting from the top of the Hippodrome. The Byzantines attributed it to a sign that the Christian God would soon come and destroy the invading Muslim army.

In Two Years Before the Mast, Richard Henry Dana, Jr. describes seeing a corposant in the southern Atlantic Ocean: "There, directly over where we had been standing, upon the main top-gallant mast-head, was a ball of light, which the sailors name a corposant (corpus sancti), and which the mate had called out to us to look at. They were all watching it carefully, for sailors have a notion, that if the corposant rises in the rigging, it is a sign of fair weather, but if it comes lower down, there will be a storm."[11]

Many Russian sailors have seen them throughout the years. To them, they are "Saint Nicholas" or "Saint Peter's lights".[8] They were also sometimes called St. Helen's or St. Hermes' fire, perhaps through linguistic confusion.[12]

St Elmo's fire were also seen during the 1955 Great Plains tornado outbreak in Kansas and Oklahoma (US).[13]

Accounts of Magellan's first circumnavigation of the globe refer to St. Elmo's fire being seen around the fleet's ships multiple times off the coast of S. America. The sailors saw these as favorable omens.

Among the phenomena experienced on British Airways Flight 9 on 24 June 1982 were glowing light flashes along the leading edges of the aircraft, which were seen by both passengers and crew. This has been attributed to the Saint Elmo's fire effect, caused by static electricity built up during the airplane's passage through a cloud of volcanic ash.

Spectacular jet aircraft St. Elmo's fire was observed and its optical spectrum recorded during a University of Alaska research flight over the Amazon in 1995 to study sprites [14], [15].

[edit] In literature

One of the earliest references of St. Elmo's fire made in fiction can be found in Ludovico Ariosto's epic poem Orlando furioso (1516). It is located in the 17th canto (19th in the revised edition of 1532) after a storm has punished the ship of Marfisa, Astolfo, Aquilant, Grifon, and others, for three straight days, and is positively associated with hope:

"But now St. Elmo's fire appeared, which they had so longed for, it settled at the bows of a fore stay, the masts and yards all being gone, and gave them hope of calmer airs."

In Shakespeare's The Tempest (c. 1623), Act I, Scene II, St. Elmo's fire acquires a more negative association, appearing as evidence of the tempest inflicted by Ariel according to the command of Prospero:

Hast thou, spirit,
Perform'd to point the tempest that I bade thee?
To every article.
I boarded the king's ship; now on the beak,
Now in the waist, the deck, in every cabin,
I flamed amazement: sometime I'ld divide,
And burn in many places; on the topmast,
The yards and bowsprit, would I flame distinctly,
Then meet and join."

Later 18th Century and 19th Century literature associated St. Elmo's fire with bad omen or divine judgment, coinciding with the growing conventions of Romanticism and the Gothic novel. For example, in Ann Radcliffe's The Mysteries of Udolpho (1794), during a thunderstorm above the ramparts of the castle (Vol III, Ch.IV):

"'And what is that tapering of light you bear?' said Emily, 'see how it darts upwards,—and now it vanishes!'
'This light, lady,' said the soldier, 'has appeared to-night as you see it, on the point of my lance, ever since I have been on watch; but what it means I cannot tell.'
'This is very strange!' said Emily.
'My fellow-guard,' continued the man, 'has the same flame on his arms; he says he has sometimes seen it before...he says it is an omen, lady, and bodes no good.'
'And what harm can it bode?' rejoined Emily.
'He knows not so much as that, lady.'"

And in Herman Melville's Moby-Dick (1851), Ch. CXIX, "The Candles", during which the ship Pequod is struck head-on by a typhoon:

"'Look aloft!' cried Starbuck. 'The corpusants! the corpusants!'
All the yard-arms were tipped with a pallid fire; and touched at each tri-pointed lightning-rod-end with three tapering white flames, each of the three tall masts was silently burning in that sulphurous air, like three gigantic wax tapers before an altar. [...]
[Stubb] cried, "The corpusants have mercy on us all!" [...] all my voyagings seldom have I heard a common oath when God's burning finger has been laid on the ship..."

There is also a possible reference[16] to St. Elmo's fire in Samuel Taylor Coleridge's The Rime of the Ancient Mariner (1798):

"About, about, in reel and rout
The death-fires danced at night;
The water, like a witch's oils,
Burnt green, and blue, and white."

There is a reference to Saint Elmo's fire in Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse-Five. Billy Pilgrim, the protagonist, "had been seeing Saint Elmo's fire, a sort of electronic radiance around the heads of his companions and captors. It was in the treetops and on the rooftops of Luxembourg, too. It was beautiful" (Vonnegut 81).

Saint Elmo's fire is in Castaways of the Flying Dutchman by Brian Jacques. It is said to be green, and occurs when an avenging angel is present.

Saint Elmo's fire is also mentioned in Gabriel Garcia Marquez's Chronicle of a Death Foretold. "The moon was high in the sky and the air was clear, and at the bottom of the precipice you could see the trickle of light from the Saint Elmo's fire in the cemetery."

In Jonathan Safran Foer's novel Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close, the protagonist Oskar Schell discusses St. Elmo's fire while atop the Empire State Building.

In the book Tintin in Tibet, one of the books in The Adventures of Tintin, a pick-axe that was being carried by the captain catches St. Elmo's fire.

Helene>>>Roch Voisine

Two hundred miles from my home
A million miles from you
Livin' without you on my own
You know it's hard to do
And through the night, feelings grow
You know I need you so

Lightning and thunder may appear
But you know I'm forever here
Time will never tear us apart
We'll never leave as broken-hearted
Believe in me, you know how I really feel
My love, how I want you near

Hélène, things you do
Make me crazy about you
Pourquoi tu pars, reste ici
J'ai tant besoin d'une amie

Hélène, things you do,
Make me crazy about you
Pourquoi tu part si loin de moi
Là où le vent te porte
Loin de mon coeur qui bat...

Hélène, things you do,
Make me crazy about you
Pourquoi tu pars, reste ici
Encore juste une nuit

Seul sur le sable les yeux dans l'eau,
Mon rêve était trop beau
L'été qui s'achève, tu partiras,
A cent mille lieux de moi
Comment t'aimer si tu t'en vas
Dans ton pays loin là-basx2
Dans ton pays loin de moi

Tags: 2009, ranuka`s bday

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