Lasith (lasith) wrote,
Lasith
lasith

I AM......Alpha Beta, Delta and Omega

Greek alphabet

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Greek alphabet
Type: Alphabet
Languages: Greek, with many modifications covering many languages
Time period: ~800 BC to the present
Parent writing systems: Proto-Canaanite alphabet
 Phoenician alphabet
  Greek alphabet
Child writing systems: Gothic
Glagolitic
Cyrillic
Coptic
Old Italic alphabet
Latin alphabet
Armenian (disputed)
ISO 15924 code: Grek
Greek alphabet
Α α Alpha Ν ν Nu
Β β Beta Ξ ξ Xi
Γ γ Gamma Ο ο Omicron
Δ δ Delta Π π Pi
Ε ε Epsilon Ρ ρ Rho
Ζ ζ Zeta Σ σ ς Sigma
Η η Eta Τ τ Tau
Θ θ Theta Υ υ Upsilon
Ι ι Iota Φ φ Phi
Κ κ Kappa Χ χ Chi
Λ λ Lambda Ψ ψ Psi
Μ μ Mu Ω ω Omega
Obsolete letters
Ϝ ϝ Digamma Ϻ ϻ San
Ϙ ϙ Qoppa Ϡ ϡ Sampi
Ϛ ϛ Stigma Ϸ ϸ Sho
diacritics

The Greek alphabet is an alphabet that has been used to write the Greek language since about the 9th century BC. It was the first alphabet in the narrow sense, that is, a writing system using a separate symbol for each vowel and consonant alike.[1] It is the oldest alphabetic script in use today. The letters are also used to represent numbersGreek numerals. In addition to being used for writing modern Greek, its letters are today used as symbols in mathematics and science, particle names in physics, as names of stars, in the names of fraternities and sororities, in the naming of supernumerary tropical cyclones, and for other purposes. The Greek alphabet originated as a modification of the Phoenician alphabet and in turn gave rise to the Gothic, Glagolitic, Cyrillic, and Coptic, as well as the Latin alphabet.[1] The Greek alphabet is also considered a possible ancestor of the Armenian alphabet. It is unrelated to Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary, earlier writing systems for Greek.


[edit] Main alphabet

The Greek letters and their derivations are as follows (pronunciations transcribed using the International Phonetic Alphabet):

Letter Name Pronunciation Corresponding
Phoenician
letter
Transliteration1 Numeric value
Ancient
Greek
Medieval
Greek
(polytonic)
Modern
Greek
English Classical
Ancient
Greek
Modern
Greek
Ancient
Greek
Modern
Greek
Α α ἄλφα άλφα Alpha [a] [aː] [a] Aleph Aleph a 1
Β β βῆτα βήτα Beta [b] [v] Beth Beth b v 2
Γ γ γάμμα γάμμα
γάμα
Gamma [g] [ɣ~ʝ] Gimel Gimel g gh, g, y 3
Δ δ δέλτα δέλτα Delta [d] [ð] Daleth Daleth d d, dh 4
Ε ε εἶ ἒ ψιλόν έψιλον Epsilon [e] He He e 5
Ζ ζ ζῆτα ζήτα Zeta [zd]
(or [dz]?)
later [zː]
[z] Zayin Zayin z 7
Η η ἦτα ήτα Eta [ɛː] [i] Heth Heth e, ē i 8
Θ θ θῆτα θήτα Theta [tʰ] [θ] Teth Teth th 9
Ι ι ἰῶτα ιώτα
γιώτα
Iota [i] [iː] [i], [j] Yodh Yodh i 10
Κ κ κάππα κάππα
κάπα
Kappa [k] [k~c] Kaph Kaph k 20
Λ λ λάβδα λάμβδα λάμδα
λάμβδα
Lambda [l] Lamedh Lamedh l 30
Μ μ μῦ μι
μυ
Mu [m] Mem Mem m 40
Ν ν νῦ νι
νυ
Nu [n] Nun Nun n 50
Ξ ξ ξεῖ ξῖ ξι Xi [ks] Samekh Samekh x x, ks 60
Ο ο οὖ ὂ μικρόν όμικρον Omicron [o] Ayin 'Ayin o 70
Π π πεῖ πῖ πι Pi [p] Pe Pe p 80
Ρ ρ ῥῶ ρω Rho [r], [r̥] [r] Res Resh r (: rh) r 100
Σ σ
ς
(final)
σῖγμα σίγμα Sigma [s] Sin Shin s 200
Τ τ ταῦ ταυ Tau [t] Taw Taw t 300
Υ υ ὓ ψιλόν ύψιλον Upsilon [y] [yː]
(earlier [u] [uː])
[i] Waw Waw u, y y, v, f 400
Φ φ φεῖ φῖ φι Phi [pʰ] [f] origin disputed
(see text)
ph f 500
Χ χ χεῖ χῖ χι Chi [kʰ] [x~ç] ch ch, kh 600
Ψ ψ ψεῖ ψῖ ψι Psi [ps] ps 700
Ω ω ὦ μέγα ωμέγα Omega [ɔː] [o] Ayin 'Ayin o, ō o 800

A nobleman's fair daughter came down a narrow lane
And met with Captain Wedderburn, the keeper of the game
"Now my pretty fair miss, if it wasn't for the law,
You and I in a bed might lie"
Roll me over next to the wall (x2)

"Now, my dear good man," she said, "Do not be perplexed;
Before that you might bed with me, you must answer questions six.
Six questions you must answer me, and I will ask them all,
And you and I in a bed might lie"
Roll me over next to the wall (x2)

continued below...

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"What is rounder than a ring, and higher than the trees?
And what is worse than a woman's curse, and what is deeper than the sea?
Which bird sings first, which one best? Where does the dew first fall?
And you and I in a bed might lie"
Roll me over next to the wall (x2)

The Earth is rounder than a ring, and Heaven is higher than the trees,
The devil is worse than a woman's curse, and Hell is deeper than the sea
The lark sings first, the thrush sings best, and the Earth is where the dew falls
And you and I in a bed must lie"
Roll me over next to the wall (x2)

He takes her by her lily-white hand and leads her down the hall.
He takes her by her slender waist for fear that she might fall.
And lays her on a bed of down without a doubt at all
And he and she lie in one bed
Roll me over next to the wall
And he and she lie in one bed
Roll me over next to the wall (x3)
Tags: wisdom
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